Legion & Post 48 History


Legion History


American Legion Birthday March 15 - 17, 1919

American Legion Birthday March 15 - 17, 1919

The American Legion was born at a caucus of the American Expeditionary Force in Paris, France. This caucus was the result of a proposal by Lt. Col. Theodore Roosevelt Jr. to a group of representatives of A.E. F. divisions and service units. Roosevelt’s vision resulted in the founding Paris caucus of March 15 – 17, 1919, and subsequent organizational caucus held May 8 – 10, 1919, in St. Louis, MO. His unwavering service during these vital times won him the affectionate title, “Father of The American Legion.”

As the weary, homesick delegates assembled for that first Paris caucus, they brought with them the raw materials with which to build an association of veterans whose primary devotion was to God and Country. In the minds of those veterans of the A.E.F. were a number of lofty ideals, uppermost among them:

1. Creation of a fraternity based upon the firm comradeship born of wartime service and dedicated to fair and equitable treatment for all veterans, particularly the disabled, and the widows and orphans whose loved ones paid the ultimate price for freedom.

2. Maintaining national security for America, including a universal military training program for the prevention of future world conflicts; and

3. Promotion of patriotism and the combating of materialistic and totalitarian ideologies that recognize neither the honor nor the dignity of the individual.

It was at this Paris caucus that The American Legion received its name. The honor of naming the new organization went to Maurice K. Gordon, then a major in the 36th Division and later a judge in Kentucky. A controversy had developed concerning the name, and it was Gordon who made the successful motion to label the fledgling group The American Legion.

While lofty principles were expounded at the Paris caucus, it was decided to leave the definition of permanent policies for a later and more representative meeting to be held in the United States. An executive committee of 100 members was named to complete the organization in the A.E. F., while a sub-committee of 17 returned to the United States to promote interest among those who had already returned to the States.

Even though The American Legion was formed overseas, organizers realized members of the armed services had no choice whether they served in the United States or overseas. Accordingly, it was decided that membership in The American Legion should be open to all who served honorably in the armed forces in World War 1. The American Legion is now open to all currently serving military personnel of our nation and also open to those who served honorably in the armed forces during the following listed dates.

April 6, 1917 to November 11, 1918 (World War I)
December 7, 1941 to December 31, 1946 (World War II)
June 25, 1950 to January 31, 1955 (Korean War)
February 28, 1961 to May 7, 1975 (Vietnam War)
August 24, 1982 to July 31, 1984 (Lebanon/Grenada)
December 20, 1989 to January 31, 1990 (Panama)
August 2, 1990 to today (Gulf War/War On Terrorism)

The American Legion Phoebus Post No. 48 was originally chartered on July 8, 1946 as the Fuller - Urick Post No. 48 Department of Virginia.

Listed below are the names of the members of Fuller - Urick Post No. 48 as it was originally chartered on July 8, 1946.

  M. B. Alexander

  Donald A. Anthony

  Wm. D. Barret

  Jack Barzuley

  Charles Blanchard

  L. P. Boone

  James A. Burns

  R. S. Bergor

  James A. Brady

  Leroy S. Carter

  G. Jonas Ceponis

  W. S. Cooper

  Antonio Degregorio

  Stanley A. Eaton

  Thomas A. Fetters

  David Gottleib

  Paul Grafinger

 John Hanson

 W. L Helms

 Leslie A. Holt

 F. J. Holthouse

 Alexander Jordan

 Michael A. Kollum

 Wm. M Knight

 Roy Landers

 George L. Lewis

 Harry R. Mack

 Joseph Markesi

 Adam Marshall

 A. L. Merrell

 John B. Mills

 S. A. Minich

 James T. Moore

 Bart J. Mullin

 Roland Nugent

 R. L. Poole

 M. C. Pipkin

 John w. Powell

 Frank J. Quilty

 James A. Sawrey

 Frank Simpson

 Frank Slater

 Morris Solomon

 Edward A. Stern

 Albert C. Weach

 C. A. Wogelman

 Wm. E. Warrick

 Henry E. Watt

 Burt A. Williams

 R. W. Wilson

 B. L. Witherspoon